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Stabat Mater

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Catalogue numberBIS-SACD-1546
Release date2009-06-25
Discs1
Orig. sample rate44100Hz

Gramophone: Editor's Choice.

With a disc entitled Stabat Mater and featuring Pergolesi among the composers, it would be natural to expect his setting (surely the most famous of all) of this heartfelt meditation on the grief of the Virgin Mary to be included in the programme. Well, it isn’t – and it is! Only a few years after Pergolesi in 1736 had composed his Stabat Mater, Bach made an adaptation of it using a contemporary German version of the biblical Psalm 51. To suit the requirements of the new text Bach made certain alterations to Pergolesi’s vocal parts, but retained the scheme of solo arias and duets between a soprano and an alto voice. He also added a new, independent viola part to the score and rewrote the basso continuo, giving the work a new harmonic vitality.

It’s not only in the form of an arrangement that Pergolesi appears on this disc, however: Psalm 51 is preceded by his own Salve Regina, composed around the same time as the Stabat Mater, and of a similarly expressive, sorrowful character even though the text in question is a hymn of praise to the Virgin Mary. Of Pergolesi’s two settings of the text, the present one – originally in C minor – is the most well-known, and is here performed in the F minor version for alto voice.

Opening the disc is Vivaldi’s brief Sonata al Santo Sepolcro (‘at the Holy Grave’), an instrumental work probably intended for inclusion in an Easter church service. This is followed by – finally! – a Stabat Mater proper, also by Vivaldi and probably dating from 1711 or 1712. Vivaldi used just the first ten verses of the text, creating one of the most sombre of all settings, here performed by the Canadian ensemble Theatre of Early Music and its director, counter-tenor Daniel Taylor, who in Bach is joined by Emma Kirkby, taking on the soprano part.
 
Extra material for download
 
 
  Composer: Vivaldi, Antonio
  Sonata ‘al Santo Sepolcro’ in E flat major, RV130
01 Sonata ‘al Santo Sepolcro’ in E flat major, RV130 04:20 $ 0.91 USD
 
 
  Composer: Vivaldi, Antonio
  Stabat Mater, RV621 18:47
02 I. Stabat Mater. Largo 03:20 $ 0.70 USD
03 II. Cuius animam. Adagissimo 01:58 $ 0.41 USD
04 III. O quam tristis. Andante 01:42 $ 0.36 USD
05 IV. Quis est homo. Largo 03:14 $ 0.68 USD
06 V. Quis non posset. Adagissimo 01:56 $ 0.41 USD
07 VI. Pro peccatis. Andante 01:42 $ 0.36 USD
08 VII. Eia Mater. Largo 02:30 $ 0.53 USD
09 VIII. Fac ut ardeat. Lento 01:30 $ 0.32 USD
10 IX. Amen. Allegro 00:55 $ 0.19 USD
 
 
  Composer: Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista
  Salve Regina 13:34
11 I. Salve Regina. Largo 04:09 $ 0.87 USD
12 II. Ad te clamamus. Andante 00:43 $ 0.15 USD
13 III. Ad te suspiramus. Largo 03:30 $ 0.74 USD
14 IV. Eia ergo advocata. Andante 01:24 $ 0.29 USD
15 V. Et Jesum, benedictum. Amoroso 02:22 $ 0.50 USD
16 VI. O Clemens, o pia. Largo assai 01:26 $ 0.30 USD
 
 
  Composer: Bach, Johann Sebastian
  Tilge, Höchster, meine Sünden (Psalm 51), BWV1083 36:16
17 Versus 1: Tilge, Höchster, meine Sünden (Sopr., Alto) 03:51 $ 0.81 USD
18 Versus 2: Ist mein Herz in Missetaten (Soprano) 02:05 $ 0.44 USD
19 Versus 3: Missetaten, die mich drücken (Soprano, Alto) 01:59 $ 0.42 USD
20 Versus 4: Dich erzürnt mein Tun und Lassen (Alto) 02:03 $ 0.43 USD
21 Versus 5–6: Wer wird seine Schuld verneinen (Sopr., Alto) 02:15 $ 0.47 USD
22 Versus 7: Siehe! ich bin in Sünd empfangen (Soprano, Alto) 00:44 $ 0.15 USD
23 Versus 8: Sieh, du willst die Wahrheit haben (Soprano) 03:05 $ 0.65 USD
24 Versus 9: Wasche mich doch rein von Sünden (Alto) 02:22 $ 0.50 USD
25 Versus 10: Lass mich Freud und Wonne spüren (Sop., Alto) 02:07 $ 0.44 USD
26 Versus 11–15: Schaue nicht auf meine Sünden (Soprano,
Alto)
05:31 $ 1.16 USD
27 Versus 16: Öffne Lippen, Mund und Seele (Alto) 03:36 $ 0.76 USD
28 Versus 17–18: Denn du willst kein Opfer haben (Soprano,
Alto)
02:52 $ 0.60 USD
29 Versus 19–20: Lass dein Zion blühend dauern (Soprano,
Alto)
02:02 $ 0.43 USD
30 Amen (Soprano, Alto) 01:44 $ 0.36 USD
 
  Album total 72:57
ComposerBach, Johann Sebastian
Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista
Vivaldi, Antonio
EnsembleTheatre of Early Music
Counter-tenorTaylor, Daniel
SopranoKirkby, Emma

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